PRACTICE PAPER #29 – NUMBERS
Numbers are ever-present in the aeronautical world, and mastering their use is an important aspect of radio communications.
Check some rules relating to various uses of numbers here.
Read these extracts from former « In English, please » articles and from the official British phraseology book – CAP 413 – and answer these questions:
a – What is the other name for the CAA’s CAP 413?
b – How would you pronounce « 100 », « 250 », « 6500 », « 123,500 »?
c – How are « thousand » and « three » pronounced?
Listen to the audio recording:
and find the missing numbers in this transcript.
Check what you learnt with this short exercise here.
PRACTICE PAPER #28 – CLOUDS
October is the first month of the fall season, and what better symbolizes autumn than clouds?
Let’s explore the cotton world of clouds!
Review cloud-related vocabulary with this double page from « L’Anglais pour voler ».
Watch this You tube video initially designed for kids, thereby making it easy to listen to, and understand. Then answer these questions:
1 – When do clouds form?
2 – Why do clouds often form when the temperature cools?
3 – What are the five basic types of clouds?
4 – What are cirrus clouds sometimes called?
You can also watch this short video, for its soothing effect!
Read this former Infopilote article published in June 2010, at the height of an ash cloud crisis, then answer these questions:
1 – What happened to the British Airways flight from Kuala Lumpur to Perth, in June 1982?
2 – What does a fair weather cumulus indicate?
3 – In what other cloud can a cumulus develop, given the right conditions?
We’ve done it already, but it’s such a lot of fun, with amazing results, that’s it’s worth doing it again.
This is a word cloud on clouds I made from a text I found on the internet:
Here is how to make your own: go to www.wordle.net and download your Wordle version on your computer. Copy and paste (ctrl + V) a text and hit the « go » button. You can adapt font, layout, color to your own specs.
Word clouds are awesome to look at, and are great to learn vocabulary the fun way, as they put forward the most recurrent words in a text. They are particularly dynamic when used in a presentation.
PRACTICE PAPER #27 – PHRASEOLOGY
September is that time of the year when you’re supposed to go back to some serious work and PP #27 will help you do just that. We’ll pick up where we left off in June, i.e. phraseology.
PP #1 to #26 CONTENTS
PP #1 to #26 – CONTENTS
PRACTICE PAPER #26 – PHRASEOLOGY
With Summer almost here, it’s time to brush up your communication skills with a few exercises on phraseology.
A former Infopilote article entitled « A brief story of Airspeak », will take us through a few decades of phraseology evolution.
You can choose to listen to the audio version of the article first:
The article was published in Infopilote’s November 2007 issue, and one thing has changed since then: there is now only one document related to phraseology, the « Manuel de formation à la phraseology ».
– On the SIA site check the date of its latest version.
– What does the acronym CPDLC stand for?
– What is CPDLC used for?
– What are the advantages of CPDLC?
The Phraseology division in « L’Anglais pour voler » is made up of 18 chapters, covering all aspects of flight. Here is a double page regrouping some useful words.
Standard phraseology doesn’t cover all situations. Read the article entitled « Beyond phraseology, expect the unexpected » and listen to the audio file below to find the missing words in the text.
Find in this grid 30 of the words listed in the extract of « L’Anglais pour voler » posted in exercise 2.
PRACTICE PAPER #25 – AIRSPACE
Airspace in Europe is complicated and overcrowded. Busy airports, military areas, and/or special use airspace can make the planning of a flight something of a challenge. Let’s fly into the subject.
Review the vocabulary on airspace with the help of a double-page extract from L’Anglais pour voler.
Read the « In English, please » article published in the March 2014 issue of Infopilote entitled: « Know your airspace, don’t become an infringement statistic ».
Then answer these questions:
a – is radio contact compulsory for VFR flights in class E airspace?
b – mention some factors that can lead to airspace infringement.
c – the Channel Island Control Zone is notified as which class of airspace?
d – what are the 4 classes of airspace that can be found in Belgium?
Listen to the audio recording of 15 pilot-controller messages, partly sourced from www.liveatc.net, and from former Infopilote articles.
Mother’s day is closing in fast. To celebrate this very special day, we’ll review the expressions all mothers are bound to know, as they are universal in parenting. You want to check how they say « quand est-ce qu’on arrive? » in English? Well, here is the place to go!
PRACTICE PAPER #24 – UNUSUAL RADIO OPERATIONS
Standard radio communications have been worked on in PP #10,
PP #24 will therefore focus on unusual radio operations such as loss of communications, radio failure, and emergency communications.
Review the vocabulary here.
Listen to the live traffic recording below and find the missing words in this article, published in Infopilote in August 2011.
It follows NWA 188 as it flew across several American states without any radio contact with ATC and/or airline dispatchers for more than one hour, eventually overshooting its destination.
To get some insights on why the incident happened, read these extracts of articles from CNN and The Atlantic, then answer these questions:
a – check the meaning of « snafu » on wikipedia . To whom is the coining of the word attributed?
b – on what subject was the first officer giving instructions to the captain?
c – what raised alarm on the flight deck?
d – again on wikipedia , check the legal meaning of « frolic ». In your opinion, were the pilots engaged in a frolic, a detour, or were they just « disengaged » as the FAA also adds?
If you are interested in more information, here are the 5 pages of the NTSB final report.
Today is Good Friday, the first day of the Easter holiday. The general English corner will take you where Brexit and Easter overlap: the Good Friday Agreement.
You’ll find here an introduction to the Agreement, found on the Northern Ireland Assembly educational site, and some extracts from an article by The Atlantic, explaining the impact of Brexit on this delicate balance.
a – Why is the Agreement known as the Good Friday Agreement?
b – What were the leaders of the two main political parties involved in the process awarded?
c – Which party didn’t support the agreement?
d – What is the DUP afraid of today?
In the former, find 15 words that jump out at you, and place them in the latter.
Once you have completed the word search, the unused letters in the first 4 lines will give you a hidden message.
This hidden message will lead you to a mystery word.
PRACTICE PAPER #23 – AIR ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS
Following the crash of ETH302 last Sunday, now is as good a time as any to talk about accidents, incidents and investigations.
Review the vocabulary on accidents with the help of a double-page extract from L’Anglais pour voler.
Read the « In English, please » article published in the July 2011 issue of Info-pilote entitled: « Air accident investigations, looking for answers ».
Then answer these questions:
a – what does BEA stand for?
b – how long did the AF447 black boxes remain at the bottom of the ocean?
c – which ICAO annex describes the SARPs for aircraft accident and incident investigation?
d – what is not the purpose of investigations?
e – who designates the investigator-in-charge?
Listen to the audio recording of a CNN report of the ETH302 accident, and of Donald Trump announcing the United States’ decision to follow suit with the rest of the world and ground the B737 Max:
Find the missing words in this transcription of the recording.
How does your English sound? Jersey or New Jersey ?
Practice with this exercise . Do the words fall in the Jersey (J) or New Jersey (NJ) category?
If you are craving for more, visit the British Council site, an interesting place to go to fine-tune your general English.
PRACTICE PAPER #22 – LANDING GEAR
Practice Paper #22 focuses on the only part of the aircraft which should ever be in contact with the ground: the landing gear.
Where aircraft meet earth
Review the vocabulary on landing gears with this double page from L’Anglais pour voler.
This crossword offers more practice to help you remember the main words.
Listen to these recordings from www.liveatc.net.
Then find the missing words in the transcript.
Go to www.pilotworkshop.com first to listen, then read an article on gear-up landings, and answer these questions.
1 – according to Tom, what is the main reason leading to a gear-up landing?
2 – what is Tom’s advice if you realize that your landing gear is still up when you are within 500 feet of the ground?
3 – why?
4 – scroll down the page to the « comments » section. Buck Rogers, Uniangulo and Mark Logan have a common technique to avoid the gear-up landing trap. What is it?
5 – what is the GUMPS check?
It’s cold season. There’s a cold virus going around and some of the people you know may already have one.
What are the symptoms of the common cold?
Then read this common cold fact file and answer these questions:
1 – What should you eat if you want to avoid getting one too?
a – plenty of oranges and other fruit that is rich in vitamin C
c – food like carrots, spinach, eggs and liver that is rich in vitamin A
2 – If someone with a cold sneezes on a bus, everyone on the bus is exposed to the cold virus. What can you do to avoid a cold?
a – wash your hands regularly
b – relax – take things easy
c – have regular saunas
3 – It’s too late now for preventative action. You’ve got a cold and you feel dreadful. Which cold remedy, among others, actually works?
a – hot, spicy Indian or Mexican food
b – a glass of milk
c – a cheeseburger with large fries
4 – You’re probably miserable and feeling a little sorry for yourself. What should you do to get over your cold and start to feel better?
a – use a cloth handkerchief to blow your nose
b – put your head over a bowl of hot water and inhale the steam
c – go to bed and get some more sleep
PRACTICE PAPER #21 – FLIGHT HAZARDS
Ten years ago, on the 15th of January 2009, following a bird strike shortly after take-off, Captain Sullenberger ditched his Airbus A320 into the Hudson. Practice Paper #21 will commemorate this amazing demonstration of flying skills by looking into bird strikes and more broadly into flight hazards, .
Review the vocabulary on flight hazards.
Listen to the audio version of the March 2009 Info-pilote article, « Sorry, say again Cactus », recounting what happened to AWE 1549 on the 15th of January 2009. Pilot/controller and controller/controller exchanges are excerpts from the official FAA file.
And answer these questions:
a – how long did the flight last, from taxiing to ditching?
b – what was AWE 1549’s scheduled flight?
c – what was the current ATIS?
d – what was the clearance given by NY Tracon on first contact?
e – what airport was suggested by the controller after radar contact was lost?
f – how many souls were on board?
Read the whole script here .
Jeppesen, the iconic company which has been creating aviation maps and approach charts for more than 80 years, also have a sense of humor! From time to time, they release commemorative personalized charts to celebrate special events. Their most popular so far is the HUDSON MIRACLE APCH plate, published to honor Captain Sullenberger and his crew. Follow AWE 1549’s flight path from GOOSE to RESCUE, check the SAAAR procedure, and find out the flight crew’s combined years of experience.
Read this article on wildlife mitigation risk at airports , and answer these questions:
a – which aircraft parts are more likely to be hit?
b – what is IBIS?
c – where are the vast majority of birdstrikes happening?
d – what is the aim of the prevention tactics?
e – ultimately, when prevention is not enough, what is the most efficient option?
The Chinese will celebrate the advent of the Year of the Pig on the 5th of February. Learn everything you need to know about the Chinese New Year at www.chinesenewyear.net .
Navigate the site to find the answers to these questions:
a – by what other name is the Chinese New Year known?
b – why do people clean their house before the start of New Year?
c – why do children like to get red envelopes?
Find 20 words, all in connection with flight hazards, in this grid.