1 – listening comprehensionBrush up your knowledge on turbulence and work on your listening comprehension skills with this previous « In English, please » article: Riding the tiger
2 – reading comprehensionGo to www.skybrary.aero In the category « wake vortex turbulence », find – and read – the article on … wake vortex turbulence. a – when does an aircraft generate wake turbulence? b – how long do wake vortices persist? Scroll down the page to the UK CAA Safety Sense Leaflet 15c: c – when is the vortex strongest? d – what is the diameter of a B747’s wingtip vortex?
3 – vocabularyIf you have read the « In English, please » article in Infopilote’s June 2018 issue – entitled « Words are the basic building blocks of language » – then you are now convinced of the importance of learning new vocabulary. Nothing forbids a bit of fun while doing it, and here is a way: create your own high-frequency vocabulary lists. Go to www.tocloud.com. Paste a URL in the field « Page », or a text in the field « Text ». In the « Display » menu, select « By Frequency » and tick the « Display Frequencies » box. Finally, click on « Create tag cloud ». The result is a list of the words that appear in the text, ranked in order of frequency. Let’s try it! Go back to www.skybrary.aero . In the category « weather », open the article on « turbulence » (https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Turbulence) . Copy the article URL address, and follow the instructions described in the previous paragraph. Cool, isn’it? You can also add a second page to the search. Keep the same URL in the first « Page » field, then add the URL of the « Clear Air Turbulence » article (https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Clear_Air_Turbulence) in the « Page 2 » field. Below are the 19 more relevant words extracted from the first 8 lines of the word cloud: turbulence, severe, occur, light, extreme, moderate, altitude, structural damage, attitude, injured, terrain, wind shear, vicinity, category, mountain waves, accidents, vortex, clear air turbulence, strong.
4 – wordsearch
5 – general English cornerEmojis are the little smileys that originated in Japan around 2000 and have conquered our smartphones since. In their ever-shifting world, some of them see their meaning change quickly. Check the latest evolution at www.dictionary.com and look for the goat emoji. What does it stand for?
1 – listening comprehension The answers are at the bottom of the PDF. 2 – reading comprehension a – from the moment the nose gear leaves the ground on take off until it touches the ground during landing. b – typically between 1 and 3 minutes, with the wind playing an important role. c – « the heavier the aircraft and the slower it is flying, the stronger the vortex ». d – « a Boeing 747, with a span of 65 metres, trails a vortex from both wingtips each with a diameter of around 65 metres. » 4 – word game grid solution 5 – general English corner Greatest Of All Time